Historical Linguistics

 Historical Linguistics Essay

Historical Linguistics

Sound modify based on Campbell (2004)


The noises of dialects tend to alter overtime.

The question, then, is what kinds of sound change take place? Varieties of sound change

1 . Frequent or sporadic

2 . Trained or unconditioned

3. Phonemic or non-phonemic

1- Regular or intermittent

In general ‘sound laws confess of simply no exceptions'. That is certainly, a change will be held at wherever the sound which undergoes the transform is found in environmental surroundings that circumstances the transform – e. g. in Spanish the sound change p> b/v_v came about wherever a unique p appeared between vowels. non-etheless, a few changes happen to be sporadic, impacting on only one or a few words and phrases (e. g. OE spraec > ModE speech). 2- Conditioned or perhaps unconditioned

To express that a transform is conditioned is to say that it only takes place under selected conditions (such as border sounds, the position within a term, or a grammatical context). The Spanish change of p> b as well as v__v is usually an example of trained change. Unconditioned change, however, takes place under all conditions. The Latin American The spanish language change of lj> m (e. g. calle ‘street' pronounced/kaje) is a great example of unconditioned change. 3- Phonemic or non-phonemic

Audio changes have different results. Several amount to a bit more than succinct, pithy reorganization with the surface seems of conversation (these are nonphonemic changes). Others can cause deep structural alternations in the number of phonemic contrasts within the language by adding or removing phonemes (these are phonemic changes). A phonemic alter is defined as one that does impact the inventory of phonemes (distinctive sounds) by adding to or deleting from the number of phonemes. An allophonic change is identified as one which does not affect the inventory of phonemes (distinctive sounds). In other words, the quantity of phonemes remains to be the same.